Weak, insecure, stolen, and reused passwords lead to cybercrime. They allow hackers to access your system and exploit the information in any way they want. You can even lose your earnings for life if someone steals your passwords.
So this world Password Day, take an oath to protect your accounts with the best preventive measures against the top 9 different types of password attacks Mentioned below. Read on to find out what they are and how they work.
Identity fraud is one of the widely reported password attacks. In 2021, a study revealed that 83% of organizations surveyed reported email-based phishing attacks where attackers tricked users into clicking or downloading malicious links.
It’s easy to try these types of password attacks as hackers pretend to be genuine and trustworthy sources that you can reply to and share sensitive credentials. Here are four common ways hackers target phishing victims:
Common identity theft
In regular phishing, you receive a genuine-looking email to reset your password. If you continue without confirming the sender’s authenticity, you could expose your credentials to attackers. This is usually done by redirecting you to a fake website that appears legitimate.
Identity theft (spear phishing)
With spear phishing type of password attack, threat actors send emails using an email address that you recognize (usually a friend or colleague). Usually, you are prompted to click or download a malicious link when opening the mail.
Smishing and Vishing
These are two types of password attacks in which you receive a fraudulent SMS (smishing) or a voice call (vishing) asking you to share your credentials or transfer money.
in a whaling attack, you receive an email from a senior member of your company requesting sensitive information. Often we do not confirm the veracity of such email and we do not send what has been requested.
brute force attacks
in a brute force attack, passwords they are stolen by the hit-and-try method. Hackers make multiple systematic attempts to obtain passwords using automated programs. They can usually bypass the number of times a password can be entered, making it even easier to hack your account. An effective preventive measure against brute force attack password technique is the use of insurance password manager.
AN mask attack is a password-Cracking tactic that allows pirates to skip character combinations not required. This reduces the time it takes to hack your password.
The main types of brute force attacks include password spray attacks and dictionary attacks.
in a password spray attack, attackers use a selection of common passwords across a large number of accounts. They typically target a specific cloud-based or login platform. As the term suggests, a password spray attack attempts to hack into thousands (or even millions) of accounts at once, reducing the risk of the hacker getting caught.
in dictionary password attacksthreat actors try a list of commonly used words and phrases rather than character-by-character attempts like brute force password attacks… These also involve popular pet names, famous movie characters, and even available online information openly like your child’s name, birthday, etc.
A stuffing of credentials password attack refers to bad actors using stolen credentials. This technique is based on the human psychology of using similar passwords for multiple programs, social media accounts, Internet banking, etc.
Hackers steal passwords to check if they are also used on other platforms. They typically use automated tools to check which stolen passwords are still valid on other platforms. That’s why it’s better to use Two Factor Authentication to secure your crucial data.
Keylogger or keystroke logger attacks involve a type of spyware: malicious software that allows hackers to secretly obtain information.
keylogger password attacks they are very harmful as they can expose even the most secure passwords. Hackers don’t have to crack passwords; Instead, they record your keystrokes as you type. Keyloggers not only record passwords, but also what you type, which makes it even more dangerous for your privacy.
Keylogger hackers do not have to use any other techniques to learn your username, credit card number, social security number and other vital information to cause you harm. So the best preventative measure to physical and digital data security is encoding using an encryption algorithm. This prevents hackers from accessing your computer and accounts, even if they have passwords.
Man-in-The Middle (MitM) attacks
a man in the middle password attack it has three parties involved: a user, a hacker, and the platform the user is trying to access. Hackers secretly position themselves between users and third parties to intercept and steal data. They can disguise themselves as third parties and redirect the unsuspecting user to a legitimate-looking web page, such as phishing.
MY2022, a must-have app for all Beijing Winter Olympics attendees, was manipulated using the MitM attack method. It contained sensitive information about the players, such as passport details, medical history, demographic details, etc. The attackers could also access audio and other uploaded files.
As of January 17, the flaw still exists in version 2.0.5 of MY2022 for iOS. Imagine how this can hurt attendees and their families.
Traffic interception is a type of MitM technique deployed to perform Long password DOS attacks. A denial of service or DOS attack shuts down a system so that users cannot access it. With traffic interception, an attacker secretly reads or listens to information about network traffic. The common gateways of these types of password attacks they are unsecured wifi or unencrypted network connections.
This is also possible with SSL hijacking, where threat actors create a bridge to intercept information exchanged between two entities. The intercepted information can also be a password.
rainbow table attacks
To know the rainbow table password attack mechanism, it is better to understand hashing first. Hashing is a process in which companies mathematically convert and encrypt user passwords. This keeps them stored as cryptographic sequences so hackers only see encrypted values and not actual passwords.
Therefore, a rainbow table is the key to cracking hashed passwords. This allows hackers to compare values against a rainbow table and crack numerous passwords.
Hackers are becoming more sophisticated and clever at obtaining passwords using automated tools. in a phishing attackhackers pose as a trusted email sender, while on a brute Force Attack, they use the trial and error method to crack passwords.
It’s best to have different passwords for all your critical accounts, as threat actors can use credential stuffing, keylogging, and other techniques to gain access to them. Always use a strong and indecipherable password and follow a safe practice when creating passwords to stay safe online and protect your accounts.
*** This is a syndicated Security Bloggers Network blog from EasyDMARC written by EasyDmarc. Read the original post at: https://easydmarc.com/blog/top-9-different-types-of-password-attacks/