The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term that describes the increasingly sophisticated ecosystems of online connected devices with which we share our world. The slightly strange name refers to the fact that the first iteration of the Internet was simply a network of connected computers. As the Internet grew, telephones, office equipment such as printers and scanners, and industrial machinery were added to the Internet. Today, almost any device that we use in our homes, offices, factories or simply on our bodies can be online and connected, hence the Internet of “things”.
IoT is a trend that is driving the ongoing digitization and datatification of society in many new and surprising ways. Autonomous cars, autonomous manufacturing robots, and remote medical devices that allow doctors to diagnose patients and even perform surgery are all possible because of these networks of connected things. In fact, Ericsson predicts that by 2022 there will be about 29 billion of these Internet-connected devices globally. So, let’s take a look at what are likely to be some of the biggest drivers and innovations in this field during 2022:
IoT in healthcare
With everything that has been happening in the world over the past two years, it is no surprise that healthcare has been one of the most active areas of IoT development. It is of course a broad use case, covering everything from using cameras in public areas to monitoring social distancing, fitness bands and trackers to monitor lifestyles and the rise in adoption of telemedicine and remote healthcare. Specialized medical equipment, including blood pressure and heart rate monitors, insulin pumps, wheelchairdefibrillators and oxygen pumps are all frequently connected now, allowing them to collect data to help clinicians better understand patients’ conditions and lifestyles, as well as work autonomously to improve quality of care. users life.
Healthcare IoT devices allow medical professionals to collect data on the status of patients without the risks of bringing large numbers of potentially infectious people together in close proximity. However, beyond pandemic response use cases, they also allow clinicians to potentially screen, diagnose, and treat larger numbers of patients, as well as expand healthcare to regions where physical access to doctors or hospitals is difficult. difficult due to remoteness or difficulty of access.
The huge growth in the number of devices connected to the Internet inevitably means that there are an increasing number of ways in which our technology can be hacked or exploited by those with ill intent towards us. The number and size of cyberattacks are increasing every year: Kaspersky security researchers say there have been 1.5 billion attacks against IoT devices during the first half of 2021, and throughout 2022, we are sure to see this trend accelerate. IoT devices provide access points to our personal networks because they are often not as secure as devices traditionally used to store sensitive data, such as computers or smartphones. Another threat vector comes from the fact that because the IoT is made up of “things”, sometimes very small and lightweight things, those things can sometimes be lost or stolen, requiring an additional layer of security to protect against. unauthorized users who have gained physical access. possession of your devices. However, things are starting to change, with signs that manufacturers are getting their act together when it comes to shipping devices with default passwords, and consumers are developing a better understanding of the risks. Common attacks involve denial-of-service (DDOS) attempts by overloading systems with connection requests, causing them to break and possibly exposing data, or “hijacking” devices’ computing power, which can be used to create botnets that attack other systems, or simply to mine cryptocurrencies. However, IoT is not just a security threat: By collecting data about network traffic and usage, connected devices provide fuel for algorithms used to predict and prevent cyberattacks.
edge computing and the IoT go hand in hand. In a nutshell; it means building devices with built-in analytics capabilities, so that the computation is carried out as close as possible to the source of the data being analyzed. This really only makes sense in the context of cloud computing, where data is collected by essentially “dumb” sensors, like basic cameras or microphones, and sent to the cloud for analysis. Edge devices use smart sensors, such as cameras equipped with computer vision capabilities or microphones with natural language processing capabilities. The obvious benefit is that this means the computation can be done much faster, and another benefit is that reducing the amount of data being transmitted to the cloud and vice versa relieves network congestion. Another advantage becomes clear when we consider the privacy implications of pervasive IoT: if a device collects personal data, users have peace of mind knowing that they can obtain the information it contains without even having to leave their individual custody. . A key factor here is the ever-increasing amount of computer power that can be delivered in ever smaller and more energy efficient devices, thanks to more efficient battery and user interface designs. In 2022, as more organizations continue to look to hybrid cloud ecosystems to deliver IoT services to their customers, edge computing will become an increasingly important part of the solution when there is a requirement to deliver fast and secure information.
IoT in business and industry
Sometimes referred to as the “industrial internet,” the IoT has huge implications for how we manufacture goods, provide services, sell to customers, and follow up with support. Smart factories and logistics plants are becoming more automated, and the availability of robotics and IoT infrastructure “as a service” means that more and more small businesses will begin to take advantage of the opportunities this offers in 2022. The integration of IoT automation in business models gives companies the ability to benefit from greater efficiency by gaining a data-driven understanding of their operations and processes. portable devices like augmented reality (AR) Y virtual reality (VR) Headsets will increasingly be used for a number of use cases, including training, equipment maintenance, and process simulation through “digital twin” methodologies. In manufacturing operations, IoT technology includes sensors installed on machinery to measure performance and enable predictive maintenance, predicting where faults and breakdowns will occur before they happen to more efficiently replace and repair faulty equipment. IoT tools also cover the emerging field of additive manufacturing techniques, such as 3d printwhich will provide ever more innovative ways to build and create products, and enable higher levels of personalization and personalization, while minimizing waste.
IoT for resilient organizations
Resilience is high on the agenda after the unprecedented disruption of the past two years, and IoT technology provides tremendous opportunities to build stronger, more disaster-resilient organizations. This encompasses more than just security (discussed above), as it also includes provisions such as ensuring a business has the right skills to deal with widespread changes, such as the shift to home and remote working that we saw in 2020 and 2021, as well as ensure that you do not lose due to the activity of competitors or markets.
Supply chain resilience can be bolstered through IoT, for example, by tracking the movement of inventory between a company, its suppliers, and its customers to anticipate where delays may occur and provide contingency against global affairs. Monitoring tools that track staff movements around facilities and monitor workforce efficiency can be used to understand workplace turnover and anticipate where shortages, or skills shortages, may mean a company is missing out. is headed for trouble. IoT solutions designed to help businesses predict and react to disruption from many different sources will undoubtedly continue to be a major source of innovation throughout 2022 and beyond.
Read more about these and other upcoming trends in my books, Business Trends in Practice: The 25+ Trends Reshaping Organizations Y Technology trends in practice: the 25 technologies that drive the 4the Industrial Revolution.