Have you also recently come across the term Desktop Automation? Here’s more you need to know.
Most would argue that desktop applications are barely holding their own amid the continuing onslaught of web and mobile computing. However, there are plenty of reasons why desktop apps make the cut. These range from the simple convenience of working offline and accessing massive workflow knowledge bases to allowing users maximum control and flexibility over their computing tasks.
Analysts believe that the size of the desktop software market will triple by 2028. The market value was $2022.9 million as of 2021. This is due to the continuous advancement of user interfaces, the strategic updating of systems, and the requirement for more sophisticated applications. Of course, cultural changes also play a critical role, with the changes brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic being persistently cited as the main catalysts.
However, testing these apps is a whole different game. First of all, these applications run the most complex and sensitive computer systems. However, they end up having a wide range of compatibility issues. Since they operate in a very different environment, they need to be tested under various conditions and scenarios. This can be a challenge when it comes to managing the testing process. In addition, its vulnerability to changes in the operating system and underlying hardware must be taken into account.
And this is where the idea of desktop automation comes into play.
Topics covered in this article:
What is desktop automation?
Desktop automation is an automated software testing framework used to validate the functionality of desktop applications. The word “functionality” encompasses the GUI, the underlying code, usability and compatibility, etc.
It should be noted that desktop automation takes place at several levels. there he is automation of the application components, the application’s interaction with the host environment and other applications, and the application’s interaction with the user.
Basically, the idea is to ensure constant testing of the underlying application so that it doesn’t break or malfunction when faced with a change in workflow, scale, or purpose of operation. This may sound like a clichéd testing mantra, but it’s particularly relevant with desktop-based systems that adhere to a set of underlying settings and conditions.
The fact that desktop applications become more vulnerable to changes in their environment is a big concern. The main reasons are the time-consuming and expensive maintenance, modification, and testing process of applications. Automation therefore becomes a necessity, especially when the application is mission critical.
Options for automation tools they are many and varied. Choosing something without paying much attention to it first can lead to problems. Here are some factors one should consider:
- If the tool is multipurpose: Although most tools are designed to be used for that purpose only, there are some exceptions. The ones worth looking at are the ones that are capable of operating under a variety of systems and have support for multiple programming languages.
- The functionality of the tool: The functionality of the automation tool is also worth considering. The Demo and Trial versions are ideal for evaluating this aspect. Also, be sure to ask if the tool supports specific plugins and plugins.
- Technical requirements: Another factor to consider is the technical requirements of the tool of your choice. For example, some automation tools require an application server and some do not. Similarly, some support specific operating systems and do not adapt to others.
- If the documentation is complete: Last but not least, you should take the level of documentation of the tool into account. This is an essential aspect as it indicates how easy it is to train someone in automotive software testing.
While there are several tools available for desktop automation, the following are some of the most popular and highly rated options. Please note that the list is by no means exhaustive and is intended to provide quick reference only.
1. automatic IT
As an open source automation tool, AutoIt is extremely popular with programmers, web developers, and IT professionals alike. It is a simple scripting language that is best suited for automation tasks as it facilitates smooth interaction with standard Windows controls while being extremely easy to learn and use.
ACCELQ uses AutoIT for Windows-GUI automation. First, the logic for interacting with the screen and other controls is implemented as a set of scripts. These scripts or interaction logic can be automated using AutoIT scripts.
Jubula is a free and open source automation framework designed for GUI testing for Java and HTML applications as part of the Eclipse Technology Project. It provides a wide range of features, controls, and actions that make it perfect for automating virtually any application on the desktop.
This tool can also test applications based on Swing, RCP, SWT, etc., by adding plugins. In turn significantly enhancing its versatility and test coverage.
Based on Selenium, Winium is a deep automation framework that is easy to understand and convenient to use. The good thing is that it is open source. Additionally, you can train them using the programming language of your choice (accelerated multilingual support).
Although Appium is a mobile automation tool, it works quite well when leveraged for desktop automation. There are dedicated Appium capabilities for Windows desktops. For that, however, the tool uses Microsoft’s WinAppDriver. Appium stands out for its familiarity with testers. This is because they have already used it for cross-functional testing.
All in all, the concept of desktop automation is not new. However, it is time to realize its importance. Implementing it will help to obtain more and better results with greater efficiency, quality assurance and test coverage. This is especially relevant for organizations that have a lot to lose if their applications crash or malfunction.
*** This is a syndicated Security Bloggers Network blog from ACCELQ Inc written by Geosley Andrades. Read the original post at: https://www.accelq.com/blog/what-is-desktop-automation-how-to-get-started/